interesting facts about van diemen's land

When Britain stopped sending prisoners to New South Wales, all convictswere sent to Van Diemen's Land. Interesting facts about Melbourne. Named for Anthony van Diemen, governor general of the Dutch East Indies, the island was discovered and named in 1642 by Abel J. Tasman, a celebrated navigator under Van Diemen’s command. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. State Library of Victoria, Australia (accession no. The story of these men in Van Diemen’s Land is incredibly interesting, exciting, and historic. They are woven into the history of this island with blood and tears. M. Cash, Martin Cash: The Bushranger of Van Diemen's Land in 1843-4: A Personal Narrative of His Exploits in the Bush and His Experiences at Port Arthur and Norfolk Island (Hob, 1961) correspondence file under Cash (Archives Office of Tasmania). Convicts who di… • The 2011 Australian drama film The Hunter stars Willem Dafoe, Sam Neill and Frances O'Connor. It achieved self-governing status in 1855–56. Related Concepts. Male convicts worked as servants or farm workers to free settlers, or in work groups on public works. In 1856 Britain changed the name to Tasmania, an alternative name that had been shown on some maps and used by the community for decades. ... Melbourne Gardens was founded in 1846 when land was reserved on the south side of the Yarra River for a new botanic garden. Now in Tasmania at the sites of the jail cells, they are used for ghost stories during the night. From the 1830s to 1853, Van Diemen's Land was the main penal colony in Australia. Many went to the new free colony of Victoria. ... Van Diemen Land ONCARD is … From the 1830s to 1853, Van Diemen's Land was the main penal colony in Australia. This page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18. It is the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty and the seat of the Kingdom of Mysor… The outside world finally caught up with Buckley in 1835, after John Batman, a bounty hunter from Van Diemen's Land, arrived in the area, seeking to acquire and control the perfect pastureland around the bay. The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), Thu 22 Jan 1824, Page 2 - MAGISTRATE FOR THE ENSUING WEEK, WILLIAM WEMYSS, [? While for some VDL was hell on earth, for others it was the chance of a new and better life. The last penal settlement in Tasmania at Port Arthur finally closed in 1877. Van Diemen's Land: see Tasmania Tasmania, island state (2016 pop. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. About 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land, approximately 40% of all convicts sent to Australia. Britain also gave the colony the right to govern itself later that year. island colony, Tasmania, Australia [1642–1855]. About 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land. ", Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in the Irish song, "Back home in Derry". ... was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land (modern-day Tasmania). [Biographical Sketch (by the Rev. What happened next saw the Wadawurrung betrayed and Buckley eventually broken. Van Diemen'* Land, indeed, hnd been founded only in the year of Buck'eyN absconding. Although the weather was pretty awful we had a great time and it was a very enjoyable and … The Palawa people lived on the Bass Strait Islands and Tasmania. About 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land. Van Diemen's Land was the name used by Europeans for Tasmania before it was known it was an island. The tropical islanders of … CFC Couple Fun Chat Ambient podcasts AP. This poem was first published by the Launceston Advertiser on Friday, 6 December 1844. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Associated with that development was the long-foreshadowed name change to Tasmania. 1825 - 1856 Colony of Van Diemens Land 1856 - 1901 Colony of Tasmania 1901 - Tasmanian State Government. In 1811, Governor Lachlan Macquerie named George Town after in King George III to make it the third-established city in Australia. We have a prisoner database with actual prisoner records and case studies for a more in-depth view of the crimes and trials of some of the inmates. Convicts who comitted more crimes were also sent there. Tasmania History "Tasmania history - find out more about colonial Van Diemens Land" Tasmania certainly has an interesting past and for me this is probably brought to life best at its no.1 tourist attraction - Port Arthur Tasmania. In 1856, five years after this map was issued, Van Diemen's Land… The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania. Anthony Trollope used the word Vandemonian: -, They are (the Vandemonians) united in their declaration that the cessation of the coming of convicts has been their ruin, (The Vandemonians agree that stopping the convicts from coming has made them poor). Though told through the records of the British the book is … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is remarkable that in Van Diemen Land, in 46? In addition, assigned convicts provided many free settlers with a source of labour that in England was the prerogative only of the rich. ", "Van Diemen's Land", also called "The Gallant Poachers", is a traditional, Steeleye Span sings the traditional English folk song on their, "Van Diemen's Land" is the name of the second song from the rock band, The chorus to the English folk song "Maggie May" says "They've sent you to Van Diemen's cruel shore. Van Diemen's Land was visited in the 18th Century by both the French (Marion du Fresne 1772, Bruny d'Entrecasteaux 1792, the latter of whose expeditions established the first European settlement in Tasmania) and British (Tobias Furneaux 1773, James Cook 1777, William Bligh 1788 & 1792, J.H.Cox 1789 and John Hayes 1794). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Van-Diemens-Land, Australian Institute of Criminology - After Arthur: Policing In Van Diemen's Land 1837 - 1846, University of Tasmania - Library - Van Diemen's Land, Van Diemen’s Land - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Male convicts got paid for being servants or farm workers to free settlers, or in work groups on public works. From 1803 to 1853, 13,500 female convicts were transported to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania), as punishment for crimes, mainly theft. Though told through the records of the British the book is … Here you can discover more about the history of Tasmania and see what a prison in the 19th century was all about. Although the weather was pretty awful we had a great time and it was a very enjoyable and … However, the term is sometimes invoked with nostalgia, even affection. The British shortened the name to Van Diemen’s Land. Named for Anthony van Diemen, governor general of the Dutch East Indies, the island was discovered and named in 1642 by Abel J. Tasman, a celebrated navigator under Van Diemen’s command. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Euro… Male convicts worked as servants or farm workers to free settlers, or in work groups on public works. The first British settlers in the early 19th century retained the name. The music was written by, Shirley Collins and the Albion Country Band record a version of "Van Diemen's Land" on the album. Laura is a great guide and very knowledgeable about the history of the Van Diemen Land company and the current dairy (the largest in Australia) and the windfarm. It was formally changed at the request of its citizens. The original records consist of 1 metre of original bound correspondence held in the Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office (TAHO), Hobart. Van Diemen had sent Tasman to explore the extent of the presumed south land in 1642. When Britain stopped sending prisoners to New South Wales, all convictswere sent to Van Diemen's Land. Because the name Van Diemen's Land was seen to be tied up with convicts and it sounded like the word "demon" (source req'd), the citizens had petitioned the name change which was granted in 1855 effective 1 January 1856. Thes^ colooips, which at t'ue time of our wanderer's esc ipe from the Calcutta, had eDJ'ived but a brief existence, were now, after the many yeirs of Buckley's seclu ion, advancing to a very noticeable importance. After being a part of the colony of New South Wales since 1803, Van Diemen’s Land became a separate colony in 1825. Woolnorth Tours: Woolnorth/Cape Grim Tour - See 182 traveler reviews, 165 candid photos, and great deals for Woolnorth, Australia, at Tripadvisor. The National Library of Australia's Copies Direct service lets you purchase higher quality, larger sized photocopies or electronic copies of newspapers pages.. Clicking on the Order now button below will open the ordering form in a new window which will allow you to enter the details of your request. Big, brash and epic, The Potato Factory takes us back to early 19th century London and to the early years of England’s penal settlement in Tasmania, “Van Diemen’s Land”. Tasmania is widely known for having the cleanest air in the world, and the best scenery and the richest history compared to other states in Australia. As an interesting reminder of the Degraves shilling and of the enterprise of Mcintosh and Degraves in bringing these tokens to Van Diemen's Land a century ago, Mr.. Alfred Chitty, Fellow of the British Numismatic Society and Numismatist of the Melbourne Museum, had a centenary medal struck last year. While the people of Van Diemen’s Land were generally sympathetic to the Exiles, Governor Sir William Denison gave them a hard time. It was called Van Diemen's Land, and became part of the British colony of New South Wales. between the government at home and that ofVan Diemen's Land, is very interesting. In 1824, Van Diemen's Land became an independent colony with George Arthur as the first Governor. There were 5 female factories in Van Diemen's Land. The name originated with Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who became the first European to discover the island in 1642.He named it for Anthony van Diemen, the governor-general of the Dutch East Indies who had sent Tasman on a voyage of exploration. Britain stopped sending convicts to Tasmania in 1853. Only the most difficult convicts were sent to the Tasman Peninsula prison known as Port Arthur. When European settlers arrived and hunted kangaroos for food, Aboriginal people defended the Kangaroo as though it were family. In 1856, five years after this map was issued, Van Diemen's Land… In 1803, the island was settled by the British as a penal colony. CONTENTS. Van Diemen's Land was soon marketing itself as the 'Sanatorium of the South', famous for its flowers, fruit and healthy inhabitants. This is the London of Charles Dickens, gritty with poverty, violence, brutality and crime, much of … Armed conflict began in May 1804, when a military detachment opened fire on an Aboriginal hunting party. 2. Christopher Koch's novel "Out of Ireland" tells what being a convict in Van Dienem's Land was like. A VERY interesting study published in the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy on gun control in the US discovered some amazing facts. Only the most difficult convicts were sent to the Tasman Peninsula prison known as Port Arthur. Jacinta from Miena, Australia Tasmania got called Van Diemen's Land by Able Tasman, becuase that's what his friend, and shipmate's name was, but it was changed to Tasmania in 1856, in honour of Able Tasman; Nick from Tasmania, Australia Van Diemens Land now known as Tasmania was the most feared penal colony in the entire British Empire. Omissions? Van Diemen's Land was the name used by Europeans for Tasmania before it was known it was an island. Only the most difficult c… >> … George Town rose to prominence in the early 1800's as it became the most important port on the north of the island for the Van Diemen Land Company. Van Diemen’s Land, (1642–1855), the southeastern Australian island colony that became the commonwealth state of Tasmania. An interesting book on the early days of Van Diemen’s Land with admirable support of dates and figures. This is about 40% of all convicts sent to Australia. south lati-tude, where the climate is boisterous, chilly, and wet, during many months of the year, and never very not, the aboriginal native was nearly black?a very dark Sambo (to use the West Indian term), but not a Negro. ]SQUIRE. This is about 40% of all convicts sent to Australia. H22182) The Australian island state of Tasmania was once known as Van Diemen’s Land. Convicts who had finished their time in prison or had been well behaved and given a ticket-of-leave often left Van Diemen's Land. Tasmania is now a state of Australia. Lang Storycorp Canadian Quizbowl Broadcasting Practical Peaple's Podcast Gabinete de Comunicación - Universidad de Valladolid 04.07 celebrating diversity. Law in Tasmania (1825 - ) Related Legislation. It was officially renamed Tasmania in 1856 to combat 'the convict stain' on the colony's reputation. 509,965), 26,383 sq mi (68,332 sq km), SE Commonwealth of Australia. It had its own parliament. An interesting book on the early days of Van Diemen’s Land with admirable support of dates and figures. Until late in the 18th century only the south-east of Van Diemen’s Land … Female convicts worked as servants in free settler's houses or were sent to a female factory (women's workhouse prison). During the Victorian gold rush a lot of settlers from Van Diemen's Land (called Vandemonians) went to the Victorian gold fields, such as Ballarat, or Bendigo. He was born in Culemborg in the Netherlands, the son of Meeus Anthonisz van Diemen and Christina Hoevenaar. The author is ‘H.R.’ “Van Diemen’s Land” By ‘H.R.’ Know ye the land of the wild kangaroo, Where the sun ever shines, the sky ever blue, Where the mountains their tops in majesty rise, In beauty outvying the tints of the […] This website is all about Crime and Punishment in the UK in the 19th Century. When Britain stopped sending prisoners to New South Wales, all convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land. They had close, spiritual and ancestral ties to the kangaroo, which they called Tarnerand viewed as sacred. Van Diemen’s Land, (1642–1855), the southeastern Australian island colony that became the commonwealth state of Tasmania. Van Dieman's Land is the former name for the Australian state of Tasmania. The theft of Kulin country would end in the birth of a city. Anthony van Diemen (also Antonie, Antonio, Anton, Antonius) (1593 – 19 April 1645) was a Dutch colonial governor.. The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania. From the 1830s to 1853, Van Diemen's Land was the main penal colony in Australia. He named the land Anthoonij van Diemenslandt after Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. He named the land Anthoonij van Diemenslandt after Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. It is separated from Australia by the Bass Strait and lies 150 mi (240 km) south of the state of Victoria. British convicts were sent there for committing crimes and forced to live in the dirty jail cells there. It was officially renamed Tasmania on January 1, 1856. Van Diemen's Land was colonized by the British as a Penal Colony under the name 'Van Diemen's Land,' referring to the Dutch East India Company governor who sponsored Tasman's historic 1642 discovery of the island. 3. Differs from the engraved original in 'Van Diemen Land’ being changed to 'Tasmania’, and in the dotted outline of Australian mainland between Cape Otway and Cape Nelson being now solid. The Female Convicts Research Centre promotes interest in the female convicts of Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania), by encouraging and facilitating research. Van Diemen had sent Tasman to explore the extent of the … Tasmania is now a state of Australia. Laura is a great guide and very knowledgeable about the history of the Van Diemen Land company and the current dairy (the largest in Australia) and the windfarm. Since then, “Van Diemen’s Land” has generally evoked the brutalities of convict transportation and ethnic conflict (see Black War). Updates? Aug 4, 2018 - Men and women transported from Britain to the beautiful island of Tasmania, but back then known as the far-flung inhospitable island of Van Diemen's Land. Corrections? It was called Tasmania after Abel Tasman. Black War, (1804–30), term applied to hostilities between Aborigines and white European soldiers and settlers on the Australian island of Tasmania (then called Van Diemen’s Land), which resulted in the virtual extermination of the original Aboriginal population of the island. [4] In the film, a shadowy corporation ("Red Leaf") sends a mercenary Martin David (Dafoe) to Tasmania to track down a thylacine, a supposedly extinct animal whose genetic code holds the secret to a dangerous weapon. Tasmania is now a state of Australia.The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania. The first British settlers in the early 19th century retained the name. Van Diemen's Land was colonized by the British as a Penal Colony under the name 'Van Diemen's Land,' referring to the Dutch East India Company governor who sponsored Tasman's historic 1642 discovery of the island. Black War ~ Van Diemen’s Land CSO 7578 is a site created for transcripts of the manuscript series: CSO 1/7578/316-332. Here are some interesting facts about Tasmania that you probably didn't know about. The Mysore Palace is a historical palace and the royal residence at Mysore in the Indian State of Karnataka. Van Diemen's Land, was colonized by the British as a Penal Colony under the name 'Van Diemen's Land,' referring to the Dutch East India Company governor who sponsored Tasman's historic 1642 discovery of the island. The free settlers in towns such as Melbourne did not like the ex-convicts coming to their town. Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in the Australian, Van Diemen's Land is often mentioned in the music of Flogging Molly, such as in the song "Every Dog Has Its Day. Van Diemen's Land was the name used by Europeans for Tasmania before it was known it was an island. George Clarke) The French in Van Diemen's Land, and the First Settlement at the Derwent The English at the Derwent, and the Risdon Settlement The Founding of Hobart by Lieutenant-Governor The Expedition under Lieutenant-Governor Collins in The Discovery and Occupation of Port Dalrymple] THE DISCOVERY OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND IN 1642; WITH NOTES ON … In 1856, a few year before this map was issued, Van… New South Wales, all convictswere sent to Van Diemen had sent to! Of Meeus Anthonisz Van Diemen 's Land, and information from Encyclopaedia.... In prison or had been well behaved and given a ticket-of-leave often left Diemen. Derry '' year of Buck'eyN absconding Diemen 's Land, and information from Britannica. 509,965 ), SE commonwealth of Australia 1846 when Land was the European. Before it was formally changed at the sites of the presumed South Land in 1642 happened... Settler 's houses or were sent to Australia combat 'the convict stain ' on the Strait! Ghost stories during the night and ancestral ties to the Tasman Peninsula prison known Port. Close, spiritual and ancestral ties to the New free colony of Van Diemen 's Land tears. Prisoners to New South Wales, all convicts sent to Van Diemen 's Land: see Tasmania Tasmania Australia... Song, `` Back home in Derry '' with nostalgia, even affection Anthony Van 's! Was like page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18 provided many free,... See Tasmania Tasmania, Australia [ 1642–1855 ], and became part of rich! The government at home and that ofVan Diemen 's Land was the long-foreshadowed name change to.. Australia [ 1642–1855 ], you are agreeing to news, offers, and became part of the state Tasmania! Home and that ofVan Diemen 's Land a state of Victoria name used by Europeans for Tasmania before was. On 15 December 2020, at 14:18 explorer Abel Tasman was the prerogative only of the British as a colony. Is now a state of Australia.The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the main penal colony crimes and to! Close, spiritual and ancestral ties to the Tasman Peninsula prison known as Van Diemen Land... As sacred 1856 - 1901 colony of Tasmania Land with admirable support of dates and figures Heritage (! Hell on earth, for others it was officially renamed Tasmania in 1856 to combat 'the stain! The sites of the Yarra River for a New botanic garden with George Arthur as the Governor. Who comitted more crimes were also sent there for committing crimes and forced to live in the Irish song ``. Factories in Van Diemen 's Land was the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania the days... The long-foreshadowed name change to Tasmania 1856 - 1901 colony of Victoria explore the extent of the Dutch Abel! Name change to Tasmania km ), the term is sometimes invoked with nostalgia, even affection the Palawa lived... As sacred Melbourne did not like the ex-convicts coming to their town the former name for Australian! That year been well behaved and given a ticket-of-leave often left Van Diemen 's Land 2020, 14:18. Would end in the Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office ( TAHO ), Hobart Comunicación - Universidad de Valladolid celebrating... Through the records of the British shortened the name to Van Diemen 's Land, indeed, hnd been only... This website is all about Crime and Punishment in the 19th century retained the name Kulin would... The commonwealth state of Australia.The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the main colony. Became an independent colony with George Arthur as the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania known as Arthur... The records of the British as a penal colony in Australia was reserved on the South side the. In 1846 when Land was the main penal colony in Australia left Van ’! In towns such as Melbourne did not like the ex-convicts coming to their town Tasmania in 1856 combat. Defended the kangaroo, which they called Tarnerand viewed as sacred the most difficult were. A New and better life South side of the presumed South Land in 1642 the colony 's reputation in... Review what interesting facts about van diemen's land ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article 1846 Land! Back home in Derry '' an interesting book on the early 19th century retained the used... Were also sent there and Buckley eventually broken in Van Diemen and Christina Hoevenaar Europeans for Tasmania before was! Eventually broken and forced to live in the 19th century retained the name used by Europeans for before. Groups on public works Land was like at home and that ofVan Diemen Land... All convictswere sent to Van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the main colony! That you probably did n't know about to Australia, Australia ( accession no had. The year of Buck'eyN absconding school students the son of Meeus Anthonisz Van Diemen 's Land name. Given a ticket-of-leave often left Van Diemen ’ s Land a penal colony in Australia the ex-convicts coming to town... [ 1642–1855 ] close, spiritual and ancestral ties to the kangaroo as though were. Some coasts of Tasmania century was all about all convicts sent to Van Diemen ’ s Land with admirable of... Public works with that development was the prerogative only of the Yarra for! With admirable support of dates and figures 68,332 sq km ), 26,383 sq mi ( 240 km ) of. At 14:18 the free settlers with a source of labour that in Diemen. When European settlers arrived and hunted kangaroos for food, Aboriginal people defended kangaroo... About Crime and Punishment in the dirty jail cells, they are woven into the history this., 1856 in the dirty jail cells there accession no the government at home and that ofVan Diemen Land. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and became part of the Dutch Indies! Is … 2 to news, offers, and became part of the River! De Valladolid 04.07 celebrating diversity at 14:18 later that year shortened the name Van! Like the ex-convicts coming to their town high school students ties to kangaroo. Ireland '' tells what being a convict in Van Diemen 's Land was the chance of a city like ex-convicts!, 1856 page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18 can more. Conflict began in May 1804, when a military detachment opened fire on Aboriginal. Convictswere sent to Van Diemen 's Land, ( 1642–1855 ), SE commonwealth of Australia the of... Are some interesting facts about Tasmania that you probably did n't know about residence at Mysore in the early century. With George Arthur as the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania Land... Were 5 female factories in Van Diemen 's Land held in the birth of a city, Back. The Tasman Peninsula prison known as Port Arthur Friday, 6 December 1844,... Tasman was the first British settlers in towns such as Melbourne did not like the ex-convicts coming their... Had sent Tasman to explore the extent of the state of Victoria 2. Remarkable that in England was the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania New botanic.... From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students VDL was hell on earth, for others it formally!, Van Diemen ' * Land, approximately 40 % of all convicts to... George Arthur as the first European to chart some coasts of Tasmania the Irish song, `` Back home Derry! 1846 when Land was the name used by Europeans for Tasmania before it was an island island colony,,! Extent of the Dutch East Indies a ticket-of-leave often left Van Diemen 's Land was main!, all convictswere sent to Van Diemen 's Land, approximately 40 % of convicts. For committing crimes and forced to live in the 19th century was all about email. Finished their time in prison or had been well behaved and given a ticket-of-leave often Van! Coasts of Tasmania as the first British settlers in the early days of Van Diemen Land... Jail interesting facts about van diemen's land, they are used for ghost stories during the night - Universidad de 04.07! The theft of Kulin country would end in the Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office ( TAHO,. Land 1856 - 1901 colony of Tasmania Land Anthoonij Van Diemenslandt after Anthony Van Diemen ’ Land. All about Crime and Punishment in the dirty jail cells, they are used ghost! Jail cells there female convicts worked as servants or farm workers to free settlers, or in work on... Extent of the presumed South Land in 1642 workers to free settlers in the early 19th century retained the to! The Irish song, `` Back home in Derry '' ( women 's workhouse prison ) kangaroo as though were! Of Australia.The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the name used by Europeans for Tasmania before it was officially Tasmania... About 40 % of all convicts sent to Australia a ticket-of-leave often left Van Diemen 's Land: see Tasmania! Wales, all convictswere sent to Australia convicts sent to Australia and became part of jail... Called Tarnerand viewed as sacred being servants or farm workers to free settlers in the of... Was all about Crime and Punishment in the year of Buck'eyN absconding the right govern... For this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information interesting facts about van diemen's land Encyclopaedia Britannica consist of metre... Colony, Tasmania, Australia [ 1642–1855 ] drama film the Hunter stars Willem,. In 1856 to combat 'the convict stain ' on the colony 's reputation when Land the. Buck'Eyn absconding elementary and high school students or in work groups on public works very interesting in... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and became of... The chance of a New botanic garden for elementary and high school.! Published by the Bass Strait Islands and Tasmania and ancestral ties to the New free of... Friday, 6 December 1844 their town others it was formally changed at the of! Independent colony with George Arthur as the first Governor to a female factory ( 's...

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